Different Classifications of Lintel in Construction

If you are planning to remodel the structure of your house, you have ensure that the modifications are secure. Most common modifications concern the making of new openings e.g. windows or doors. Prior to doing any works, it’s essential that the property you are using is considered to confirm that the change is safe. It is essential to ensure that the place of the structure is suitable for the changes before you knock the wall. In the event that the construction is damaged through modification, it could cause the structure supporting it to fall down.

Lintels are another support structure that is situated over the windows and doors. It is essential to lift all heavy objects across the window or door zonas. The best construction materials on the internet.

Different kinds of lintels

Although wood has been utilized for residential construction, heavier materials like concrete, brick and stone can also be utilized, particularly in commercial structures and private residences. Thus, the usage in stirred steel for lintels has slowly been widely recognized. Lintels can be classified into three kinds based on their development aspects:

Wooden Lintel

Doors made of wood were mostly used in earlier structures. They are now replaced with a range of modern technologies and are also employed in areas of hilliness. The primary drawbacks to wood is the higher cost as well as their poor durability and ease of burning. It is available for purchase from online retailers of building supplies.

If the the opening is larger than the opening, it could be created by connecting a number of wood chips using screws. If it’s a larger wall, it is made up of two pieces of wood which are held within a specified distance with wooden packaging. Sometimes, these strengths are strengthened with the help with mild steel plate (so-called FL doors) at the top and the bottom.

Stone Lintel

The depth in this case is the main aspect in their design. This kind of depth is equivalent to a width of 10 centimeters per meter with a minimum of 15cm. The maximum operating range of 2 meters. When a structure is exposed to vibrations, the structure cracks because of its weak tensile property.

Brick Lintel

The masonry used is used to bridge small gaps (less than one millimeter) with a light load. It is typically made of bricks that are typically located at the ends, and sometimes near the edges. The masonry is constructed on temporary wooden supports. They are often referred to in the form of turning parts (i.e. utilized as a center). Bricks with Frogs (i.e. recesses) are more suitable for building doors since they are confined to give them greater shear strength at the ends of joints (i.e. the door is more durable). Stones that are formed by the frog stone are known as Jogging stones.

The following points about the masonry industry should be taken into attention:

  • Bricks should be strong to burn, well-burned and be free of imperfections like cracks, blocks, flaws, or sharp edges.
  • The thickness of the brick alters with the dimensions of the opening and how it appears brick. It should be more than the brick layer. Typically, it is 10cm, 20cm or more.
  • Cement mortar that has an mixing ratio of 1:3 should be used to fix stones for frogs.
  • The masonry that is weaker cannot be used to support heavy objects.

Reinforced brick

Utilize these tools for heavy loads that spans larger than 1 one meter. The thickness of the brick reinforced must be an multiple of 10 centimeters or 15 centimeters or 10 centimeters. The bricks’ arrangement must be in a way that there is a gap of between 2 to 3 centimeters between adjacent bricks. Mild steel is an reinforcement materials. 1:3 cement mortar can be used for filling in the gap. Each third vertical connection comes with a vertical bracket that has an overall diameter of 6 millimeters. The bottom bar is made of steel that measure 8-10 millimeters and on the top is the primary bar bent upwards.

Steel Lintel

They can be employed to support loads that are superimposed large and the opening is large. This can be done with channel steel or steel beams. Steel beams can be encased in concrete or covered with stone veneers to keep the wall’s width. When multiple beams are placed close to one another they are secured by the pipe separator.

Reinforced concrete Lintel

The door constructed from reinforced concrete has become commonly employed because of its durability, strength and fire resistance. It is also economical and its simple design to cover the openings for windows, doors and so on. within the structure. This applies to all loads as well as every span. The width is correlated to the length of the wall and the depth is dependent on the span’s length as well as the size of the weight.

Author Bio:

Builders Merchant West Sussex is your one-stop-shop for all your building needs. With an extensive selection of building materials and tools that we have we have everything you require to finish your job properly. It doesn’t matter if you’re a professional construction worker or a DIY enthusiast, we have the equipment and expertise to assist you in completing the job. Come in now!